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七郎 / Seven Liu

科学与艺术,恰如人生中的红颜知己。 本博内容保留所有权利.

 
 
 

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未来新闻:2035:20% of the US Population Seniors  

2012-09-03 12:02:31|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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原文:http://p10.hostingprod.com/@www.newsoffuture.com/seniors_of_us_aging_population_future_society.html

 

April 19, 2035 - Of the total US population of 378 million, people over 65 years of age now make up 20% for the first time. The population has been aging rapidly with a senior ratio of only 4.1% by year 1900, and 12.4% 30 years ago.

2035419日新闻- 在美国总人口3.78亿中,年龄超过65岁的老人首次超过20%。人口正迅速老龄化,而1900年,老龄人口比例仅为4.1%30年前也只有12.4%

The elderly dependency ratio (EDR), the number of people above 65 compared to those of what is considered working ages, between 15 and 64, is currently 33.7%. This is up from 18.5% since year 2005, which means that for every retired person there is now two workers, compared to four workers 30 years ago. The difference in the EDR puts a great strain on Medicare costs that will most likely reach 7.5% of GDP for this year.

老年抚养比率(EDR),是超过65岁的老年人人数与适龄(15岁至65岁)工作人数的比值,现已从2005年的18.5%攀升至33.7%。这意味着,目前每两个工作者要供养一个退休的人。而30年前是4个人供养1个人。EDR的变化导致今年医疗保险成本将接近GDP7.5%,压力巨大。

The number of people above the age of 80 has grown to 23.8 million, making them 6.3% of the total population compared to 3.6% in 2005. In this age group women are quite over-represented with 61.5%, compared to 50.2% in people below the age of 80.

年龄超过80岁的老人已增长至2380万,占总人口的6.3%,而2005年为3.6%。在这个年龄段的人口中,女性占65.1%,而80岁以下的女性人口比例为50.2%

Argument: The numbers are based on the U.S. Interim Projections by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin from the U.S. Census Bureau.

数据来源:数据基于美国人口统计局报告《美国人口中期预测:年龄、性别、种族和拉美裔》

Questions: Since seniors are less spenders the interest rates will stay low which can grow to a problem where the state has an interest in increased consumption. In what ways will the seniors be stimulated to consume in the future?

问题:因为老年人消费更少,因而利率将保持低位,这是否会慢慢变成一个问题,而国家要致力于增加消费。那么未来应如何刺激老年人增加消费呢?

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